Potassium is the major cation in the intra cellular fluid and functions as the primary buffer within the cell itself. 90% of potassium is concentrated within the cell, and damaged cells release potassium into the blood.
Potassium plays an important role in nerve conduction, muscle function, and helps maintain acid-base balance...
3.5 - 5.1 mmol/L
When to get Tested
When there is Kidney Disease, symptoms like muscle weakness, Cardiac arrhythmias, a condition treated with diuretics, on intake of medications for heart
Renal failure due to nephritis or shock
Metabolic or respiratory acidosis
Renal tubular acidosis
Hemolysis of blood
Drugs like NSAID's, ACE inhibitors and potassium
Excessive loss of potassium due to diarrhoea or vomiting
Inadequate intake of potassium
Increased secretion of aldosterone
Drugs like Beta blockers, lithium etc..
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