Sodium is an atom, or ion, that carries a single positive charge. About 40% of the body's sodium is contained in bone. Approximately 2-5% occurs within organs and cells and the remaining 55% is in blood plasma and other extracellular fluids.
Sodium functions at the cell membrane level by creating an electrical potential between diff...
136 - 145 mmol/L
When to get Tested
Severe vomiting, or diarrhoea
Diabetes insipidus or diabetic acidosis.
Increased renal sodium conservation in hyperaldosteronism.
Inadequate water intake because of coma or hypothalamic disease
Excessive saline therapy
Low sodium intake.
Sodium losses due to vomiting or diarrhea with adequate water and inadequate salt replacement.
Congenital adrenal hyperplasia
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