Cholesterol is an important normal body constituent used in the structure of cell membranes, synthesis of bile acids , and synthesis of steroid hormones . Since cholesterol is water insoluble, most serum cholesterol is carried by lipoproteins (Chylomicrons, VLDL,LDL and HDL) .
A small amount of Cholesterol circulates in the bl...
Normal range : <200 mg/dl
Boderline high : 200-240 mg/dl
High risk : >240 mg/dl
For children and Adolescents:
Acceptable : <170 mg/dl
Boderline 170 -200 mg/dl
High >200 mg/dl
When to get Tested
As a screening test for adults with no risk factors for heart disease
When a person has one or more risk factors for heart disease( Cigarette smoking, Being overweight or Obese, old age , Pre existing heart disease, diabetes)
High cholesterol diet
Oophorectomy may increase cholesterol levels
Drugs - ACTH, Anabolic steroids , Beta adrenergic blocking agents , Corticosteroids , Epinephrine, Oral contraceptives , Phenytoin , Sulphonamides , Diuretics and Vit D